Provenance, Tectonic Setting & Geochemical Maturity of The Early Miocene Pyawbwe Formation, Sakangyi –Thayet Area, Magway Region, Myanmar.

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Cairo university, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, Egypt

2 Consultant , Geology and Mining, GeoMine Mining Company, Cairo,Egypt.

3 Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Yangon university, East Yangon.


The best exposed Early Miocene (820 m. thick. ) shales and interbedded silty sandstones beds of the Pyawbwe Formation at Sakangyi- Thayat area,Magway Region are investigated geochemically by using Siemens SRS- X Ray 303 AS XRF Spectrometer. Major and some trace element concentrations have been determined to achieve their provenance, tectonic setting ,paleoweathering , paleoclimate and sedimentation characteristics. The geochemistry of sediments is particularly valuable in the study of fine-grained rocks that are difficult to characterize through petrographic studies. Geochemical data revealed that the felsic granitic plutonic provenance of moderate relief of arc massif exposed on tectonically calm continental margin which is probably the Shan- Thai continental block eastern and northeastern Myanmar . Average values of both Chemical Index of weathering (CIW) and Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA) ( 77.4 and 67.3 respectively ) suggest a moderately chemical weathering condition prevailed during transportation and deposition on passive shallow margin as progressive mature sediments.


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  • Receive Date: 12 April 2017
  • Revise Date: 24 September 2017
  • Accept Date: 07 October 2017
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2018