Environmental impacts of Aghdarband coal mine: pollution by heavy metals

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Geology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


Aghdarband coal mine, located in NE of Iran, with annual coal and waste production capacity of about twenty million and six thousand tons, respectively, causes the increase of the concentration of some heavy metals in the soil and surrounded sediments. This paper deals with geochemical distribution and environmental effects of the heavy metals on the sediments around the mine, using geochemical data and statistical analysis. Investigation of the correlations of soil chemical parameters based on Pearson correlation coefficients, cluster analysis and principal component analysis suggested that S,As,Mo and Cu were distributed in the region under the effect of anthropogenic origin. Also, Mg,Ni,Cd and Cr were caused by the lithogenic origin effect in soil and sediment of the region. These studies also revealed that the concentration and geochemical distribution of Al,Mn,Sb,Co,Fe,Zn and Pb was controlled by the acidic rocks and the metamorphosed politic sediments and the calcium element by the carbonate rocks. Calculation of the enrichment and geo-accumulation factors also shows that the soil of the region is polluted by the elements such as S,As,Cu and Pb. Zoning maps of elements concentration also showed that these elements have the highest concentration at the place of coal washing and coking plan, astheconcentrationwasgraduallydecreasedbymovingawayfromtheselocations.


Article Title [Persian]