Geochemical assessment of groundwater quality with special emphasis on fluoride in Tabasein Plain, Eastern Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Geology Department, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

2 Civil Engineering Department, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran

3 Mining Engineering Department, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran

4 Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


The aim of this research was the geochemical assessment of the groundwater quality and the evaluation of the distribution pattern of fluoride concentration in water resources of the region and their connection with the prevalence of dental fluorosis occurrence in the study area. To achieve to this goal six sediment and 22 water samples were taken and analyzed. Fluoride and phosphorous concentration were remarkably high (1400 ppm and 6231 ppm respectively) in basaltic-andesite unit. Water resources located in the southern part of old lake had the highest TDS (>6300mg/L) compared with the others. Fluoride content differ from 0.64-1.71mg/L and in 27% water samples were higher than allowable amount expressed by WHO (1.5mg/L). The health effects of fluoride were investigated on 210 students at the age of 7-16 years old. The results indicated that the fluoride concentration increased in the vicinity of the igneous rocks in water resources and also increased with the time residence. The concentration of fluoride in groundwater indicated the prevalence of dental fluorosis occurrence in the study area. The intensity of the disease revealed a meaningful correlation with the age and the male gender.


Article Title [Persian]

ارزیابی ژئوشیمیایی کیفیت آب زیرزمینی با نگرش ویژه بر فلوئوردر دشت طبسین، شرق ایران.

Authors [Persian]

  • احمد بوسکابادی 1
  • بهناز دهرآزما 2
  • محمد شیوا 3
  • محمد حسین ابراهیم زاده 4
1 دانشگاه شاهرود
2 دانشگاه شاهرود
3 دانشگاه بیرجند
4 دانشکده مشهد
Abstract [Persian]

هدف پژوهش حاضر، ارزیابی ژئوشیمیایی کیفیت آب زیرزمینی وهمچنین ارزیابی الگوی توزیع غلظت فلوراید در منابع آب و ارتباط آن با فراوانی فلوئوروسیس دندانی در منطقه ی مورد مطالعه است. در این مطالعه 6 نمونه رسوب و 22 نمونه آب برداشت و آنالیز گردید. غلظت فلوراید و فسفردر واحدهای بازالتی-آندزیتی به مقدار قابل توجهی (به ترتیب 1400 و ppm 6231) بالا است. منابع آب واقع در جنوب دریاچه قدیمی در مقایسه با دیگر نمونه ها بالاترین TDS (>6300 mg/L) را دارا می باشد. غلظت فلوئوربین 64/0 تا 71/1 متغیر است و در 27% از نمونه های آب بیش از غلظت مجاز تعیین شده توسط WHO (mg/L 5/1) می باشد. تاثیر فلوئور بر سلامتی در 210 دانش آموز در سنین 7-16 سال بررسی گردید. مطالعه نشان داد که غلظت فلوئور در مجاورت سنگهای آذرین و همچنین با افزایش زمان ماند درمنابع آب افزایش می یابد. غلظت فلوئور در آب زیرزمینی، فراوانی وقوع فلوئوروسیس دندانی در منطقه مورد مطالعه را معلوم ساخت. شدت بیماری، همبستگس معناداری را با سن و جنس مرد نشان داد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • : فلوئور
  • فلوئوروسیس
  • ژئوشیمیایی
  • آب زیرزمینی
  • دشت طبسین
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