Description of some rugose corals from the Givetian and Lower Frasnian of the Eastern Alborz Mountains, NE Iran

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

2 Institute of Scientific Applied Higher Education of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Manager of Soil and Water Department, Education and Extension Organization. Karaj, Iran

3 Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Thirteen species of rugose corals, belonging to nine genera are described from the Givetian and Lower Frasnian rocks of the
Khoshyeilagh Formation in the Eastern Alborz Mountains (northeastern Iran). Glossophyllum ceratites (Goldfuss), Glossophyllum sp.,
Keriophyllum cf. maillieuxi (Tsien), Pseudozaphrentis sp., Temnophyllum imperfectum Coen-Aubert, Temnophyllum occidentale Hill
and Jell, Temnophyllum sp., Aristophyllum luetti Coen-Aubert and Spinophyllum blacourti (Rohart) come from the Givetian rocks and
Neotemnophyllum sp., Sinodisphyllum cf. posterum (Ivania), Sinodisphyllum kielcense (Rozkowska) and Charactophyllum? nanum
(Hall & Whitfield) belong to the Lower Frasnian strata. In spite of more or less remarkable endemism, the Givetian coral faunas of
northeastern Iran show similarities with rugose corals of Germany, Belgium and Poland while the Lower Frasnian faunas reveal
affinities with Eastern Asia as well as Europe corals.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

توصیف برخی مرجان های رگوزای ژیوتین و فرازنین پیشین در البرز شرقی، شمال خاوری ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد علی عباسی 1
  • کاوه خاکسار 2
1 گروه زمین شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد.
2 مرکز آموزش عالی جهاد کشاورزی، کرج
Abstract [Persian]

سیزده گونه از مرجان های رگوزا متعلق به نه جنس از سنگهای ژیوتین و فرازنین زیرین سازند خوش ییلاق در البرز شرقی (شمال شرق ایران) تشریح و توصیف شدند. گونه های Glossophyllum ceratites (Goldfuss, 1826)، Glossophyllum sp.، Keriophyllum cf. maillieuxi (Tsein, 1969)، Pseudozaphrentis sp.، Temnophyllum imperfectum Coen-Aubert, 2002، Temnophyllum occidentale Hill & Jell, 1970، Temnophyllum sp.، Aristophyllum luetti Coen-Aubert, 1997 و Spinophyllum blacourti (Rohart, 1988) از طبقات ژیوتین و گونه های Netemnophyllum sp.، Sinodisphyllum cf. posterum (Ivania, 1965)، Sinodisphyllum kielcense (Rozkowska, 1979) و Charactophyllum? nanum (Hall & Whitefield, 1873) از سنگهای فرازنین زیرین گزارش شدند. علیرغم بومی شدن برخی از فرم های مورد مطالعه، فونای مرجانی ژیوتین شمال شرق ایران با فونای آلمان، بلژیک و لهستان و فونای مرجانی فرازنین زیرین این ناحیه با فونای شرق آسیا و اروپا شباهتهایی را نشان می دهد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • کوه البرز
  • دونین
  • سازند خوش ییلاق
  • رگوزا
  • ایران
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